Location: Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden.
About two-thirds mountains. Some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in the world. Norway is the only NATO member having a land boundary with Russia. The area is approximately 323,802 sq km (307,442 sq km land. 16,360 sq km water). Terrain is glaciated. Mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys. There are small, scattered plains, but the coastline is deeply indented by fjords. To the north you will find arctic tundra. Natural hazards include rockslides and avalanches. Climate is temperate along coast, modified by the North Atlantic Current. Norway has a colder interior with increased precipitation, and colder summers causing glaciers to grow. Also, rainy year-round on west coast.
Population: About 5,265,158 people live in Norway.
The majority of residents are Norwegian. Approximately 60,000 are of the Sami ethnic group. Main language spoken is Norwegian; Bokmal (official), Nynorsk (official). There are also Sami and Finnish-speaking minorities; Sami is an official language in nine municipalities.
Religions: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran), other Protestant denominations, Roman Catholic, Muslim, and others.
Agriculture: Products include barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal; fish; milk.
Exports (commodities): Petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, and fish.
Economy: The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state enterprises). The country is richly endowed with natural resources (petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals). Norway is the world's third-largest natural gas exporter, and seventh largest oil exporter; making one of its largest offshore oil finds in 2011. Norway's economy remains buoyant. Domestic economic activity is, and will continue to be, the main driver of growth, supported by high consumer confidence and strong investment spending in the offshore oil and gas sector.
Currency: Norwegian krone (NOK).
This page was last updated on 02 February, 2018